From The National Cancer Institute
The Promise of Cancer Research
Researchers and doctors here in South Carolina and all over the
country are conducting many types of clinical trials (research
studies in which people volunteer to take part) and are studying new
ways to prevent, detect, diagnose, and treat colorectal cancer.
Research has already led to advances in safe and effective
treatments, and researchers continue to search for more effective
Research on Prevention
Recent studies suggest that certain drugs may help prevent
colorectal cancer. Researchers are studying aspirin,
celecoxib, and other drugs in people with a
higher-than-average chance of developing this disease.
Research on Screening and Diagnosis
Researchers are testing new ways to check for polyps and
colorectal cancer. One study is looking at the usefulness of
virtual colonoscopy. This is a CT scan of the colon. Another
study is using genetic testing to check stool samples for
colorectal cancer cells.
Research on Treatment
Researchers are studying chemotherapy, biological therapy, and
combinations of treatments:
- Chemotherapy: Researchers are testing new anticancer drugs and drug
combinations. They also are studying combinations of drugs and
radiation therapy before and after surgery.
- Biological therapy: New biological approaches also are under study.
Biological therapy uses the body's natural ability (immune system)
to fight cancer. For example, researchers are studying treatment
with monoclonal antibodies after surgery or with chemotherapy. A
monoclonal antibody is a substance made in the laboratory that can
bind to cancer cells. It can help kill cancer cells.
How is the CCCR fulfilling the promise of cancer research? View our
Publications section to see recent research by each of our
How is the CCCR fulfilling the promise of cancer
research? View our
Investigators section to see recent research by
each of our investigators.